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See the Wild West like Never Before in These Rare Photos!

Mackenzie Freeman




The Wild West has become an almost mythological period of time in American history. Life on the Frontier has been romanticized time and again in motion pictures. From the John Wayne and Clint Eastwood epics of yesteryear to modern films like The Hateful 8 and The Revenant, the genre continues to persist to this day. With that being said, fiction rarely can capture the incredible nature of reality. In order to give you a front-row seat of the old West, we are going to explore 38 incredibly rare, completely authentic photos from the Wild, Wild West.

Meet Goldie Griffith

Goldie Griffith belonged to Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show, so you know that she was someone important. Griffith became a star during her heyday as a bronco rider, boxer, wrestler, and all-around good old cowboy. Griffith was known for being a little bit out there, and she even road from San Francisco to New York on a wager! Griffith would transcend into true star status when she was married inside of Madison Square Garden. What a life, right?

Quick Shootin’ Texas Jack

John Wilson Vermillion was known simply as Texas Jack during his heyday. As part of Wyatt Earp’s band of outlaws, Texas Jack created a reputation for himself as a quick shooting and dangerous gunslinger. In fact, Vermillion once shot the eye out of the back of a man’s head. For a period of time, Texas Jack was also known as ‘Shoot Your Eye Out Vermillion’.

Notorious Jesse James

If there was one man that you didn’t want to cross in the Old West, it was Jesse James. James is one of the most famous American outlaws of all time. Known as a gang leader, train robber, and bank heist guru, James would terrorize the Old West with his former Confederate buddies. While James has been heavily romanticized in Hollywood, make no mistake, this is one bad dude.

Phoebe Ann Oakley

Annie Oakley certainly has a ring to it, doesn’t it? Annie Oakley is another one of the most famous figures from the Wild West. Oakley became famous when she was just 15-years-old thanks to her incredible sharpshoot capabilities. Oakley had grown up poor and, as a result, had to learn how to trap, shoot, and hunt all on her own.

Mystery of Olive Oatman

Olive Oatman and her family were traveling through what is now known as Arizona when they were ambushed by a group of Native Americans. Oatman’s parents were killed but she would survive, along with her sister. Olive and her sibling were sold into slavery to the Mohave people. Her sister would die of starvation but Olive would survive, eventually getting tattooed with her infamous blue face tattoo.

Buffalo Bill and the Grass Dancers

Buffalo Bill certainly was a showman during his time. During Buffalo Bill’s heyday, he incorporated a pair of Native Americans into his show. Elk and Black Elk would travel with Buffalo Bill under the title of Grass Dancer. They would showcase their dancing skills for the amusement of Bill’s adoring crowd. This picture shows Buffalo Bill with his famous Grass Dancers in the background.

Santiago McKinn

When Santiago McKinn was only 11-years-old, he was kidnapped from his home in Mimb res Valley, New Mexico. Santiago and his brother, Martin, had been hiking around their home when a number of Chiricahua Apache approached the kids. The Apache, led by Geronimo, would kill Martin before abducting Santiago. Santiago would grow up with the Apache before being rescued by General George Crook. Santiago refused to leave with Crook, however, preferring to stay with the Apache.

The Wild West Show

Finding genuine entertainment back then was probably pretty hard, what with staying busy just trying to live. So, when Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show came to town, everybody made sure to show up for the proceedings. There were many Wild West Shows during the time and they typically consisted of variety acts related to the Frontier. These shows were pivotal in romanticizing the Frontier.

Survivor of Little Big Horn

The fall of Custer and the battle of Little Bighorn was a pivotal moment for the Frontier. When it happened, there was only a single survivor of the atrocity, a Native American named Curly. Curly was a scout for Custer but he was away from the battle when the fighting began. Curly would survive until 1923 as a semi-famous figure. Curly didn’t speak any English and he could only communicate via sign language.

Tough Rose Dunn

Rose Dunn was an almost mythical figure during the Wild West. At the age of 14, Rose of the Cimarron, as she was sometimes known, would become involved with George ‘Bittercreek’ Newcomb. The two would begin dating and Dunn would quickly be welcomed into the gang. After Bittercreek’s gang went into hiding, they tried to reconnect with Rose. When they did, Rose and her brothers shot the outlaws and turned them in for cash.

Traveling Through Death Valley

If you’ve never been to Death Valley, you really can’t understand how bad the heat is. Nowadays, we have the benefit of motor vehicles and air conditioning, but that wasn’t the case back in the 1800s. This photo captures a 20-mule team of wagons traveling across the Great Basin Desert in search of a railroad. Can you imagine the staggering heat?

Fannie Porter

Brothels, Outlaws, and the Wild West. Could any three concepts better sum up the Wild West? Here we see Fannie Porter, a former prostitute who ended up establishing her own brothel in San Antonio. She was famous for servicing outlaws and gang members without turning them into the proper authorities. Among her most famous repeat clients were people like Butch Cassidy and Kid Curry.

Professional Security Detail

This photo was captured on the borders of the Sierra Nevada Mountains. Taken around 1900, this image shows us how dangerous the Wild West truly was. If you wanted to travel between two places, you either had to know how to defend yourself or you needed to hire someone who could. You also had to trust that your security wouldn’t turn on you out in the middle of nowhere.

Infamous Charley Nebo

Charley Nebo was born in 1842 to a Canadian mother and an English father. He lived throughout the Frontier, settling at times in New Mexico, Nebraska, and Texas. Nebo was an esteemed soldier in the Union Army during the height of the Civil War, however, he would end up being honorably discharged after being injured. Nebo became a stockman after working for John Chisum. He’d become friends with Billie the Kid.

Queen of the Bandits

If you want to make a movie about the West, consider focusing on Belle Starr. Belle Starr was known as the Bandit Queen during the height of her prowess in the Old West. She was attached to a number of high-profile outlaws including Cole Younger, Jim Reed, and Sam Starr.

Enjoying a Drink and Cards

While the Frontier was typically a place of struggle, that didn’t mean that cowboys couldn’t take time to relax. This image shows a saloon in Northern Texas around 1907. The image shows a group of cowboys enjoying a drink, some gambling, and a little bit of conversation. Just look at the variety of characters in this image as well as the details in the background. Truly amazing.

Black Elk and Elk

Here is a close-up image of Black Elk and Elk, two survivors of the Battle of Little Big Horn and Wounded Knee. After finishing their fighting days, Elk and Black Elk would go on to join Buffalo Bill in his Wild West Show under the guise of Grass Dancers. They were known, rather ignorantly, as ‘Show Indians’.

The Old Saloon

This saloon was owned and operated by Bob Leavitt. Located in Jordan, Montana, in the 1900s, this building served as a beacon of hope, relaxation, and comfort for traveling cowboys. At the time, saloons were THE place to be for entertainment and luxury. Just imagine traveling for miles without seeing a soul, and then seeing one of these buildings on the horizon.

Bloody Bill Anderson

With a name like ‘Bloody’ Bill Anderson, you know that this dude meant business. Bill Anderson created a name for himself during the Civil War as one of the most bloodthirsty Confederate leaders in the war. Anderson traveled with this photograph of himself in his pocket. After he was killed in 1864, a Union Soldier would recover the picture.

Vintage Cowboys

Cowboys were integral to the success of life in the Frontier. Typically comprised of white men, there were also subsets of cowboys that came from African American, Native American, and Mexican heritage. Cowboys were known primarily as livestock herders, but they also had survival skills that could keep them alive in many gnarly situations.

Canyon de Chelly

This image looks like it was pulled straight from a Kurasawa film. Instead, we are looking at a 1904 picture of the Canyon de Chelly, located in Arizona. This photograph was taken by Edward Curtis and it shows a group of Navajo riders working their way across the canyon. If you look closely, you can see a dog trailing their horses.

Digging for Gold

The Wild West wouldn’t be the Wild West without the concept of mining. The gold rush would be responsible for cropping up countless establishments throughout the West, including this mine located in Virginia City, Nevada. There were two major mines in this city, the Gould and Curry mine, and the Savage mine.

An Upscale Saloon

Can you imagine what these walls saw during their heyday? Saloons during the 1800s were absolutely pivotal to the successful growth of settlements into full-fledged towns. As a matter of fact, you weren’t really considered a town until you had a bank, a brothel, a saloon, and a store. We’re sure that this ‘upscale saloon’ had seen better days by the time of this photograph.

Pinkerton Detectives

Charles Siringo wrote extensively on the role that the Pinkertons had played in the formation of the West in his book, ‘A Cowboy Detective’. This photograph shows Siringo, on the right, alongside W.B. Sayers. When this photograph was taken, the two Pinkertons were in hot pursuit of the Wild Bunch.

Meet Maiman

Maiman was a Native American member of the Mojave tribe. This photo shows Maiman at some point in the 1870s when he worked as a trail guide and interpreter for white travelers in the area. Maiman would become a frequent partner of the famous Old West photography, Timothy O’Sullivan. O’Sullivan refused to photograph Native Americans unless they were in their comfort zone, as he refused to use a studio for his images.

Quanah Parker

Quanah Parker was the son of Cynthia Ann Parker, a white woman who had been taken captive by the Comanche. Quanah would lead Comanche warriors in fights against buffalo hunters. At the time, Western settlers were trying to cut off Native American food supplies by hunting buffalo to extinction. Quanah would pass away in 1911 as a revered member of his tribe.

Billy the Kid

Born with the name Henry McCarty, this picture is probably more well known for being a photograph of Billy the Kid. McCarty is one of the most famous outlaws to ever put boots down in the Old West. Kid was a skilled gunfighter who racked up an unbelievable number of kills before dying at the age of 21 in a shootout with Sheriff Pat Garrett.

Keeping Clean

While life on the Frontier was no doubt a dirty affair, cattle drivers still liked to be as clean as possible. Most of the times, cowboys would wait until the end of their trail before taking a bath and heading into town for their celebration. This image shows a group of cattle drivers cleaning off in a small river.

General Custer in Dakota Territory

This incredible image shows General Custer leading his men across the plains of North and South Dakota. General Custer, at the time, was leading his men through the Dakota Territory when he was captured by photographer W.H. Illingworth. Illingworth became a frequent companion of Custer during the 60s and 70s.

Final Image of General Custer

This is the last photograph taken of General George Armstrong Custer before he died in the Battle of Little Big Horn. While Custer is most well-known for his failings at Little Big Horn, he was actually a decorated soldier who was widely respected by both his peers and his betters. Custer would even save a confederate soldier during battle, a man he had trained with at West Point, because he respected the man.

Wyatt Earp

This amazing photograph shows Wyatt Earp in 1887. Earp is one of the more well-known figures of his time. Earp was good friends with Doc Holliday, a skilled gambler, and a Deputy Sheriff in Arizona. Earp would be most famous for his skills at the shootout at the O.K. Corral. Earp would famously kill three cowboys during the battle before eventually passing away in 1929.

Unknown Photograph

If you know who this man is, you might be the only one. This incredible photograph showcases a dashing daguerreotype of an unknown figure in the American West. Was he a scout? A ranger? A rider for the Pony Express? Whoever he was, he sure managed to get a killer portrait, so he must have had something going for him.

Navajoes at Fort Defiance

In this stunning photograph, taken by Timothy O’Sullivan, we see a group of Navajo Indians at their home outside of the old Fort Defiance in New Mexico. This image was captured and printed in 1873. If you look closely, you can see why the Navajoes were widely considered to be one of the wealthiest tribes in the country.


Here we see Geronimo kneeling on the ground with a rifle clutched in his hands. This cabinet card was created in 1884 and it was taken while Geronimo was at the San Carlos Reservation, located in Arizona. This image is considered to be the first known photo ever captured of Geronimo.

Esteemed Doc Holliday

Doc Holliday was one of the most famous gunfighters of his time. Close friends with Wyatt Earp, Holliday would play his part at the shootout at the O.K. Corral. Earp was a prolific gambler, a drunk, and a dentist! Holliday would succumb to tuberculosis before passing away alone in his bed, with his boots on of course.

Old Mission Church

This photograph looks so cinematic that we half expect a young Clint Eastwood to come strolling into the frame. This image captures the Old Mission Church located in New Mexico. This church was built in 1630 during the era of Spanish Colonization. This building still exists today where it has become an important historical monument and popular tourist destination.

Rufus Buck Gang

Here we see Rufus Buck and the rest of his gang. The Rufus Buck Gang would end up being hanged in Fort Smith, Arkansas. While these men looked young, they were certainly not innocent. The Rufus Ruck Gang would end up being executed for rape on July 1st, 1896. To this day, this is the largest mass execution for the crime of rape in American history.

Sioux Teepees

Let’s close out our tour of the Old West by taking a look at the Sioux Nation. As one of the largest tribes to ever live on the Great Plains, they certainly cut a fascinating figure when captured on camera. As nomadic tribes, the Sioux were always on the move as they hunted bison throughout the plains. This image was probably taken in the Dakota Territory.



The Life and Times of Don Knotts: Remembering an Entertainment Icon.

Mackenzie Freeman



Don Knotts was an American actor, comedian, and entertainer most associated with his role on The Andy Griffith Show. As one of the most well-known television actors of all time, Don Knotts would go on to enjoy a career spanning 50+ years, 5x Emmy Awards, and multiple starring roles in some of the most famous television series of all time. With that being said, you probably knew all about that. Today, we are going to dig a little deeper into one of the largest icons in Hollywood history.

Keep on reading to find out 40 stunning facts about The Andy Griffith Show star, Don Knotts!

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Disciplining A Child And Creating a Program To Discipline Themselves

Mackenzie Freeman



When To Consider Raising or Having Children

1. Some people see that their lives would be enhanced if they were a parent and do not want to miss out on having a child,  especially when they hear their friends or associates praising having children in their lives.  Parenthood is glorified and is considered an extraordinary experience. Still, they do not think that there is any downside to having children because parenthood is a given and considered transcendent when a parent has one good experience with its child and the child,  is not interrupted by a Smartphone, headphones or earbuds, which does not qualify as a higher spiritual plane.  Parenting, being a given, must be thoroughly thought through because it is a full-time responsibility, which carves up all of one’s free time.

2. If your motive to be a parent is that people tell you that if you do not, you will regret this decision. This motive is not a good reason to be a parent.  While regretting not having children is a compelling reason to have children.

3.  If your partner wants to have children, should this motivate yourself to do so, even though you are ambivalent?  Being pressured to have a child by a desperate partner can easily backfire, and your partner’s motivation may be that desperate parent has doubts about the success of the marriage.

4. You should not have any genuine concerns about your parenting skills. While having concerns is not atypical, legitimate concerns should not be ignored.  It is essential that you know yourself and trust your feelings that you had doubts about whether you could love and protect your child.

 5.  When you thought about having a child, one factor was that the child could be an insurance policy to care for you as you age, and you feared to be lonely and neglected.

Parents Discipline of Young Children

It is unusual to determine your discipline strategy for your unborn child, but that issues arise in the early years of the child’s life.  Further, in your discussion with your partner concerning discipline, you may realize if there is a significant difference between you and your partner. That issue should be addressed before determining if your parenting styles significantly differ before you commit to having children.   

Discipline Factors

Discipline is directly related to the emotional well being of the parents, the age and developmental status of the child, and
ethnic and racial differences.  One would hope that the emotional well being of the parent would be explored before the parents deciding to have children.  

Stop Doing Tasks For Your Teenagers

A parents goal is to raise competent and capable adults and decide that disciplining their teenagers when they don’t complete essential tasks is not helping them to become well-functioning adults such as:

1. Ensuring that they wake themselves up in the morning when the snooze button on their alarm clock does not effectively wake them up,
2.  Making their breakfast and packing their lunch.
3.  Completing their school-related paperwork.
4. Bringing forgotten items to their school.
5. Do not cover your children’s failure to finish school projects.
6. Doing their laundry.
7.  Contacting their teachers or coaches. 
8. Becoming too involved with their academic responsibilities.
Teaching Children Common Sense Life Skills

Parents are concerned that whether they should use common sense to teach a child life’s skills to ensure that their children can function in the real world, which is unrelated to technology or computer knowledge.  Society expects that parents teach their children common sense life skills and will, in some form, punish parents for not doing so.  Parents have to set aside a home-based program to teach these skills.  The common-sense life skills program must be designed to have consequences putting the final responsibility on their children to show that they will suffer from avoiding tasks and must develop self-discipline.

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Canadian IGA Rooftop Gardens Feeds Local Customers

Mackenzie Freeman



In 2017, when the bourgh of St. Laurent in Montreal began pushing for rooftop gardens IGA Extra Famille Duchemin wanted to participate. Today it is one of the first supermarkets in Canada to grow produce on the roof. The garden is 25,000 square feet and  grows organic produce that is LEED Certified.The store grows and harvest over 35 different types of vegetables. They have beehives in the garden that produce honey sold to customers.

The store grows organic carrots, kale, spinach, green beans, eggplant, tomatoes, lettuce, basil, radishes, and more. The design of the garden is shaped like the letters IGA. When viewe  from a plane the garden is a striking design to see. IGA Extra Famile Duchemin staff hoped it might serve as an example to other stores.Co-owner Richard Duchemin says that the vegetable sell very well and when they decided to go with a rooftop garden they asked the questioon why don’t supermarkets have rooftop gardens as many restaurant do.

They knew they would be able to sell what they grow and this was a big factor in deciding to have a rooftop garden.The green roof regulates temperatures in the building below and the produce feeds the local customers. The garden is watered by using water from the dehumidification system in the store that is reclaimed. This garden has become a habitat for birds and bees. Growing their own vegetable on the roof saves the store, money because they do not have to transport it. 

The project was managed by a company called Ligne Verte a landscaping company in 2017 and they had a year round staff of two. It is the largest commercial rooftop garden in Canada. During busy times, they have an additional six month contract. Growing seasonal  produce results  in selling  out of produce. They can keep prices reasonable since they have no transportation costs. They planted strawberries recently  because it seemed to be a fruit that would be easy to grow. The gardeners  will eventually try to grow cherries.

The store installed a digal kiosk that allows customers to order produce from the garden on the roof and see how they grow the garden. The digital touch screen shows customers how the produce is grown and harvested. VIF Tele designed the digital touchscreen system that integrated hardware and software for ordering and viewing marketing content. They system updates inventory available continuously.

This kiosk is interactive and customers can view products available in real time grown in the rooftop garden. Orders are sent immediately from the garden to wireless tablets used by the rooftop team and the inventory of vegetables is updated regularly. Customers can see staff picking their order in the garden and  walking down 44 steps to deliver the order to the customer. The interactive technology increased sales by 25 percent. It creates a direct link between their customers and farmers growing the produce on the roof. 

IGA Extra Famile Duchemin uses social media to expand the advertising and marketing of their rooftop garden. In addition to growing their own produce the buy and sell produce from locall organic farms. They have videos of their rooftop garden on YouTube that has increased their customer base. They hope to make rooftop gardens a trend for other supermarkets.

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