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See the Wild West like Never Before in These Rare Photos!

Mackenzie Freeman




The Wild West has become an almost mythological period of time in American history. Life on the Frontier has been romanticized time and again in motion pictures. From the John Wayne and Clint Eastwood epics of yesteryear to modern films like The Hateful 8 and The Revenant, the genre continues to persist to this day. With that being said, fiction rarely can capture the incredible nature of reality. In order to give you a front-row seat of the old West, we are going to explore 38 incredibly rare, completely authentic photos from the Wild, Wild West.

Meet Goldie Griffith

Goldie Griffith belonged to Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show, so you know that she was someone important. Griffith became a star during her heyday as a bronco rider, boxer, wrestler, and all-around good old cowboy. Griffith was known for being a little bit out there, and she even road from San Francisco to New York on a wager! Griffith would transcend into true star status when she was married inside of Madison Square Garden. What a life, right?

Quick Shootin’ Texas Jack

John Wilson Vermillion was known simply as Texas Jack during his heyday. As part of Wyatt Earp’s band of outlaws, Texas Jack created a reputation for himself as a quick shooting and dangerous gunslinger. In fact, Vermillion once shot the eye out of the back of a man’s head. For a period of time, Texas Jack was also known as ‘Shoot Your Eye Out Vermillion’.

Notorious Jesse James

If there was one man that you didn’t want to cross in the Old West, it was Jesse James. James is one of the most famous American outlaws of all time. Known as a gang leader, train robber, and bank heist guru, James would terrorize the Old West with his former Confederate buddies. While James has been heavily romanticized in Hollywood, make no mistake, this is one bad dude.

Phoebe Ann Oakley

Annie Oakley certainly has a ring to it, doesn’t it? Annie Oakley is another one of the most famous figures from the Wild West. Oakley became famous when she was just 15-years-old thanks to her incredible sharpshoot capabilities. Oakley had grown up poor and, as a result, had to learn how to trap, shoot, and hunt all on her own.

Mystery of Olive Oatman

Olive Oatman and her family were traveling through what is now known as Arizona when they were ambushed by a group of Native Americans. Oatman’s parents were killed but she would survive, along with her sister. Olive and her sibling were sold into slavery to the Mohave people. Her sister would die of starvation but Olive would survive, eventually getting tattooed with her infamous blue face tattoo.

Buffalo Bill and the Grass Dancers

Buffalo Bill certainly was a showman during his time. During Buffalo Bill’s heyday, he incorporated a pair of Native Americans into his show. Elk and Black Elk would travel with Buffalo Bill under the title of Grass Dancer. They would showcase their dancing skills for the amusement of Bill’s adoring crowd. This picture shows Buffalo Bill with his famous Grass Dancers in the background.

Santiago McKinn

When Santiago McKinn was only 11-years-old, he was kidnapped from his home in Mimb res Valley, New Mexico. Santiago and his brother, Martin, had been hiking around their home when a number of Chiricahua Apache approached the kids. The Apache, led by Geronimo, would kill Martin before abducting Santiago. Santiago would grow up with the Apache before being rescued by General George Crook. Santiago refused to leave with Crook, however, preferring to stay with the Apache.

The Wild West Show

Finding genuine entertainment back then was probably pretty hard, what with staying busy just trying to live. So, when Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show came to town, everybody made sure to show up for the proceedings. There were many Wild West Shows during the time and they typically consisted of variety acts related to the Frontier. These shows were pivotal in romanticizing the Frontier.

Survivor of Little Big Horn

The fall of Custer and the battle of Little Bighorn was a pivotal moment for the Frontier. When it happened, there was only a single survivor of the atrocity, a Native American named Curly. Curly was a scout for Custer but he was away from the battle when the fighting began. Curly would survive until 1923 as a semi-famous figure. Curly didn’t speak any English and he could only communicate via sign language.

Tough Rose Dunn

Rose Dunn was an almost mythical figure during the Wild West. At the age of 14, Rose of the Cimarron, as she was sometimes known, would become involved with George ‘Bittercreek’ Newcomb. The two would begin dating and Dunn would quickly be welcomed into the gang. After Bittercreek’s gang went into hiding, they tried to reconnect with Rose. When they did, Rose and her brothers shot the outlaws and turned them in for cash.

Traveling Through Death Valley

If you’ve never been to Death Valley, you really can’t understand how bad the heat is. Nowadays, we have the benefit of motor vehicles and air conditioning, but that wasn’t the case back in the 1800s. This photo captures a 20-mule team of wagons traveling across the Great Basin Desert in search of a railroad. Can you imagine the staggering heat?

Fannie Porter

Brothels, Outlaws, and the Wild West. Could any three concepts better sum up the Wild West? Here we see Fannie Porter, a former prostitute who ended up establishing her own brothel in San Antonio. She was famous for servicing outlaws and gang members without turning them into the proper authorities. Among her most famous repeat clients were people like Butch Cassidy and Kid Curry.

Professional Security Detail

This photo was captured on the borders of the Sierra Nevada Mountains. Taken around 1900, this image shows us how dangerous the Wild West truly was. If you wanted to travel between two places, you either had to know how to defend yourself or you needed to hire someone who could. You also had to trust that your security wouldn’t turn on you out in the middle of nowhere.

Infamous Charley Nebo

Charley Nebo was born in 1842 to a Canadian mother and an English father. He lived throughout the Frontier, settling at times in New Mexico, Nebraska, and Texas. Nebo was an esteemed soldier in the Union Army during the height of the Civil War, however, he would end up being honorably discharged after being injured. Nebo became a stockman after working for John Chisum. He’d become friends with Billie the Kid.

Queen of the Bandits

If you want to make a movie about the West, consider focusing on Belle Starr. Belle Starr was known as the Bandit Queen during the height of her prowess in the Old West. She was attached to a number of high-profile outlaws including Cole Younger, Jim Reed, and Sam Starr.

Enjoying a Drink and Cards

While the Frontier was typically a place of struggle, that didn’t mean that cowboys couldn’t take time to relax. This image shows a saloon in Northern Texas around 1907. The image shows a group of cowboys enjoying a drink, some gambling, and a little bit of conversation. Just look at the variety of characters in this image as well as the details in the background. Truly amazing.

Black Elk and Elk

Here is a close-up image of Black Elk and Elk, two survivors of the Battle of Little Big Horn and Wounded Knee. After finishing their fighting days, Elk and Black Elk would go on to join Buffalo Bill in his Wild West Show under the guise of Grass Dancers. They were known, rather ignorantly, as ‘Show Indians’.

The Old Saloon

This saloon was owned and operated by Bob Leavitt. Located in Jordan, Montana, in the 1900s, this building served as a beacon of hope, relaxation, and comfort for traveling cowboys. At the time, saloons were THE place to be for entertainment and luxury. Just imagine traveling for miles without seeing a soul, and then seeing one of these buildings on the horizon.

Bloody Bill Anderson

With a name like ‘Bloody’ Bill Anderson, you know that this dude meant business. Bill Anderson created a name for himself during the Civil War as one of the most bloodthirsty Confederate leaders in the war. Anderson traveled with this photograph of himself in his pocket. After he was killed in 1864, a Union Soldier would recover the picture.

Vintage Cowboys

Cowboys were integral to the success of life in the Frontier. Typically comprised of white men, there were also subsets of cowboys that came from African American, Native American, and Mexican heritage. Cowboys were known primarily as livestock herders, but they also had survival skills that could keep them alive in many gnarly situations.

Canyon de Chelly

This image looks like it was pulled straight from a Kurasawa film. Instead, we are looking at a 1904 picture of the Canyon de Chelly, located in Arizona. This photograph was taken by Edward Curtis and it shows a group of Navajo riders working their way across the canyon. If you look closely, you can see a dog trailing their horses.

Digging for Gold

The Wild West wouldn’t be the Wild West without the concept of mining. The gold rush would be responsible for cropping up countless establishments throughout the West, including this mine located in Virginia City, Nevada. There were two major mines in this city, the Gould and Curry mine, and the Savage mine.

An Upscale Saloon

Can you imagine what these walls saw during their heyday? Saloons during the 1800s were absolutely pivotal to the successful growth of settlements into full-fledged towns. As a matter of fact, you weren’t really considered a town until you had a bank, a brothel, a saloon, and a store. We’re sure that this ‘upscale saloon’ had seen better days by the time of this photograph.

Pinkerton Detectives

Charles Siringo wrote extensively on the role that the Pinkertons had played in the formation of the West in his book, ‘A Cowboy Detective’. This photograph shows Siringo, on the right, alongside W.B. Sayers. When this photograph was taken, the two Pinkertons were in hot pursuit of the Wild Bunch.

Meet Maiman

Maiman was a Native American member of the Mojave tribe. This photo shows Maiman at some point in the 1870s when he worked as a trail guide and interpreter for white travelers in the area. Maiman would become a frequent partner of the famous Old West photography, Timothy O’Sullivan. O’Sullivan refused to photograph Native Americans unless they were in their comfort zone, as he refused to use a studio for his images.

Quanah Parker

Quanah Parker was the son of Cynthia Ann Parker, a white woman who had been taken captive by the Comanche. Quanah would lead Comanche warriors in fights against buffalo hunters. At the time, Western settlers were trying to cut off Native American food supplies by hunting buffalo to extinction. Quanah would pass away in 1911 as a revered member of his tribe.

Billy the Kid

Born with the name Henry McCarty, this picture is probably more well known for being a photograph of Billy the Kid. McCarty is one of the most famous outlaws to ever put boots down in the Old West. Kid was a skilled gunfighter who racked up an unbelievable number of kills before dying at the age of 21 in a shootout with Sheriff Pat Garrett.

Keeping Clean

While life on the Frontier was no doubt a dirty affair, cattle drivers still liked to be as clean as possible. Most of the times, cowboys would wait until the end of their trail before taking a bath and heading into town for their celebration. This image shows a group of cattle drivers cleaning off in a small river.

General Custer in Dakota Territory

This incredible image shows General Custer leading his men across the plains of North and South Dakota. General Custer, at the time, was leading his men through the Dakota Territory when he was captured by photographer W.H. Illingworth. Illingworth became a frequent companion of Custer during the 60s and 70s.

Final Image of General Custer

This is the last photograph taken of General George Armstrong Custer before he died in the Battle of Little Big Horn. While Custer is most well-known for his failings at Little Big Horn, he was actually a decorated soldier who was widely respected by both his peers and his betters. Custer would even save a confederate soldier during battle, a man he had trained with at West Point, because he respected the man.

Wyatt Earp

This amazing photograph shows Wyatt Earp in 1887. Earp is one of the more well-known figures of his time. Earp was good friends with Doc Holliday, a skilled gambler, and a Deputy Sheriff in Arizona. Earp would be most famous for his skills at the shootout at the O.K. Corral. Earp would famously kill three cowboys during the battle before eventually passing away in 1929.

Unknown Photograph

If you know who this man is, you might be the only one. This incredible photograph showcases a dashing daguerreotype of an unknown figure in the American West. Was he a scout? A ranger? A rider for the Pony Express? Whoever he was, he sure managed to get a killer portrait, so he must have had something going for him.

Navajoes at Fort Defiance

In this stunning photograph, taken by Timothy O’Sullivan, we see a group of Navajo Indians at their home outside of the old Fort Defiance in New Mexico. This image was captured and printed in 1873. If you look closely, you can see why the Navajoes were widely considered to be one of the wealthiest tribes in the country.


Here we see Geronimo kneeling on the ground with a rifle clutched in his hands. This cabinet card was created in 1884 and it was taken while Geronimo was at the San Carlos Reservation, located in Arizona. This image is considered to be the first known photo ever captured of Geronimo.

Esteemed Doc Holliday

Doc Holliday was one of the most famous gunfighters of his time. Close friends with Wyatt Earp, Holliday would play his part at the shootout at the O.K. Corral. Earp was a prolific gambler, a drunk, and a dentist! Holliday would succumb to tuberculosis before passing away alone in his bed, with his boots on of course.

Old Mission Church

This photograph looks so cinematic that we half expect a young Clint Eastwood to come strolling into the frame. This image captures the Old Mission Church located in New Mexico. This church was built in 1630 during the era of Spanish Colonization. This building still exists today where it has become an important historical monument and popular tourist destination.

Rufus Buck Gang

Here we see Rufus Buck and the rest of his gang. The Rufus Buck Gang would end up being hanged in Fort Smith, Arkansas. While these men looked young, they were certainly not innocent. The Rufus Ruck Gang would end up being executed for rape on July 1st, 1896. To this day, this is the largest mass execution for the crime of rape in American history.

Sioux Teepees

Let’s close out our tour of the Old West by taking a look at the Sioux Nation. As one of the largest tribes to ever live on the Great Plains, they certainly cut a fascinating figure when captured on camera. As nomadic tribes, the Sioux were always on the move as they hunted bison throughout the plains. This image was probably taken in the Dakota Territory.



Shocking Moment Captured on Film as Mother and Son Leap into Gator Pit for Lost Wallet.

Mackenzie Freeman



The city of Brainerd is nestled deep in Crow Wing County, Minnesota. Established in 1870, Brainerd is known as one of the largest cities in all of Northern Minnesota. Today’s story isn’t so much about the city of Brainerd as it is about two of the people within it. Recently, a mother and her young son made headlines around the country when they were captured on film leaping into the alligator pit at Safari North Wildlife Park in Brainerd, MN. What happened next was as harrowing as it was inexplicable. 

Safari North Wildlife Park is one of the most popular outdoor wildlife parks in the Midwest. This stunning park features family-friendly attractions, gorgeous animals, and wonderful sprawling enclosures.  From Snow Leopards and River Otters to the Vervet Monkey, there is always a spectacular animal to see. For the stars of our story, one animal stuck out in particular, the alligator.

When the viral video begins, we see a woman as well as her son standing outside of the alligator enclosure at the Safari North Wildlife Park. The massive pit is enclosed by a fence with only a pit of water in the center of the exhibit. Why were these two visitors in the wildly dangerous alligator pit? Well, that’s a story that seems almost impossible to understand. According to the mother, her wallet had dropped into the water of the enclosure. Rather than requesting assistance from a park employee, the mother jumped into the enclosure to fetch the wallet herself!

The fact that the mother leaped into the alligator pit was concerning in and of itself, especially for a wallet! To make matters even more dramatic and demonstrably worse, her young son quickly followed her! The young boy seemed determined to copy his mother to the horror of various onlookers. One concerned citizen yelled out to the family from a viewing balcony, “Don’t do that, you will get eaten!” 

The tension seemed to last forever as the mother and her son poked around the exhibit while looking for the lost wallet. To add to the tension of the moment, the mother was filmed throwing rocks at the alligators. At one point, the mother even used a stick to distract the gators to further her search for her lost alligator. While the film quickly went viral, this was completely unexpected according to the Safari North Wildlife Park. According to the staff at the facility, the video was the first time they were made aware of the incident.

If you think alligators aren’t dangerous, think again. Alligators are considered apex predators and they have been living on earth for millions of years. Considered ‘living fossils’, alligators are deceptively fast, enormously strong, and they grow their entire lives. In fact, the largest alligator of all time was found in Florida at the Everglades National Park. The alligator was measured in at 16 feet and five inches in length. We are all truly lucky that nobody was hurt during this video!

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Pregnant Women are Concerned With New York Hospital’s Banning Birth Partners

Mackenzie Freeman



It is an unnerving time for everyone, especially pregnant couples. With the healthcare system being overwhelmed due to the Coronavirus, many couples are wondering how their birthing plans will be impacted. One New York healthcare network has decided to ban birth partners from the delivery room. This has become a controversial topic that is worrisome to women across the country that their hospital could also adopt this policy.

New York-Presbyterian recently announced that it is banning visitors including birth partners. This means countless women will experience the labor and delivery process without the support of their loved ones.

This also means fathers will not be able to see their newborns until the babies are released from the hospital. There are temporary exceptions to the rule for the imminent end of life and specific patient’s needs. This is not comforting to most mothers who will be bringing their child into the world under these stressful and strained conditions.

New York-Presbyterian is taking a significant step in protecting expecting pregnant couples due to the Coronavirus pandemic. Unfortunately, this move is not calming the fears of women. The policy is certainly jarring considering the World Health Organization determined that the role of birth partners is crucial.

Birthing partners provide informational support during childbirth and liaise gaps between women and clinical staff. Companions also provide practical support, like encouraging women to be mobile during labor, provide non-pharmacological pain relief like meditation and massage, and offer emotional support.

Companions are advocates for women, addressing her and her preferences. Labor companions can help women build their confidence through praise, reassurance, and having a supportive presence while allowing them to feel in control.

Chief of Obstetrics at Columbia University, Dena Goffman, MD, notes that New York-Presbyterian’s decision was difficult, well-considered, and not taken lightly. They decided to ensure all potential visitors, including partners, remain safe. The hospital group also decided to test all incoming pregnant women for COVID-19, regardless of their symptoms.

This decision came after doctors noticed numerous women without symptoms or atypical symptoms later testing positive for the virus. Unfortunately, many labor symptoms mimic some COVID-19 symptoms, so these women were not identified by the usual screening method, testing processes, and infection prevention and control. Therefore, the virus protection practices were never implemented thus exposing staff members.

By implementing this new policy of testing women in labor, doctors can isolate newborns who may have been exposed. This is a significant preventative measure to stop an outbreak within non-infected baby nurseries. With such a huge number of cases in New York, this is an important step.

Dr. Goffman further noted that the hospital network is investigating other options for allowing birth partners and loved ones to be included in this special moment. The most promising idea is using technology. The hospital recognizes the need for additional family support for moms and mom and baby pairs when at the hospital.

While the WHO’s position on child partners has remained the same, they believe all pregnant women, including those with confirmed viral infection, are entitled to high-quality care throughout the entire pregnancy.  

The new COVID-19 world is unknown, unpredictable, and scary with situations evolving by the minute. However, planning and flexibility allow women to have a normal birthing experience. Also, consult your medical team with any concerns or questions you may have about the pregnancy or COVID-19. Hopefully, technology will be able to play a bigger role for family and friends in the future so the mother and birthing partner can continue to have and provide support before, during, and after the pregnancy.

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A Millennial tries 5 Gen-Z Fads to figure out what it’s like to be a kid today

Lea Lomas



Each generation of kids has its characteristics. There are some similarities but there are also some differences. For example, the last few generations of kids have been fans of video games, but the platform and type of video games might have changed. The millennial generation is people born between 1981 and 1996. The latest generation were the kids that came after that. It is called Gen-Z and it includes people born between 1997 and the current year.

The millennial generations were heavily influenced by television. Not only they did watch movies and cartoons on television but the video games of those times were also played on television. Even though television was important to the millennial kids, it did not seem as new technology seems to be for Gen-Z kids. To understand the psyche of what Gen-Z, a 28-year-old millennial tried 5 Fads of the current generation to see what it is like to be a kid in today’s world and see if there were any equivalent of these fads for millennial kids.


The Minecraft game has been a revolution in recent years. The game feels dizzy to play with all the moving camera angles. The game seemed to more complex than expected. There was also a lot of roaming around for no purpose at all. Millennial kids were used to games with a bit more purpose behind them. After one gets used to the game, there are some similarities in gameplay to The Sims. It is an open-ended world, where anything can happen. However, the camera angles were too much handle and the game had to be quit.

Unboxing Videos

There has been a growing trend of Gen-Z wanting to see videos of new toys being opened. For Millennial kids, there wasn’t any equivalent to anything for this. It was very disturbing to see others open their gifts that you didn’t have. The closest equivalent to this was Nickelodeon’s Toy Run, a show that had kids run and grab as many toys in a toy store they can before time ran out. Ryan’s world is a YouTube channel that has made millions of dollars in unboxing and toy review videos. Surely, with that sort of money, there is something in this fad that appeals to Gen-Z.


Another gaming sensation is Fortnite. It is essentially a survival game with a race. Sounded interesting, but it just didn’t appeal to the 28-year-old millennial as it has for millions of kids in today’s world. The game was just too boring. There just isn’t enough fun or adventure to keep playing this for hours. It is hard to see how this got to be one of the most played games of this generation.


VSCO is a phone editing software. It was an early Instagram filter app so millennials should be more comfortable with this fad. Millennials are reasonably comfortable with technology, however, Gen-Z has skills of their own. For example, how the perfect selfie is a skill that has been mastered by Gen-Z. In any case, this trend is understandable for a millennial.


TikTok, a Chinese video-sharing app has been a very popular social media platform. There was a similar application called Vine. Tiktok has been called as Vine 2.0. So a millennial can understand why TikTok has got so popular. Overall, TikTok was fun to use but there might some issues related to privacy that might be difficult to digest.

Going through these 5 fads have shown that each generation is going to have their own choice of fun activities. One generation cannot judge another generation on stuff they like or don’t like. That is why is it called a generation gap.

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